In December 2018, Congress passed the 2018 Farm Bill. While Congressional passage of the “Farm Bill” is a relatively regular occurrence, the latest iteration had big implications for the Hemp Industry, because of a provision of the bill which removed hemp from the definition of “marijuana” under the Controlled Substances Act. While this opened up the market for US-based hemp producers, many questions still remained about federal regulation of hemp and the hemp industry.

Field of Hemp

After several months of waiting, the United States Department of Agriculture issued interim regulations on October 29, 2019 addressing issues such as licensing, interstate transportation and THC testing and sampling. Fox Cannabis attorneys Jared Schwass and Jesse Harris provide detailed analysis on these interim regulations here (and re-published below).

For any questions about the USDA’s interim hemp production regulations, please contact Jared Schwass at 415.651.1487 or, Jesse Harris at 215.299.2864 or, or any member of Fox Rothschild’s Cannabis Law Practice Group.


USDA Releases Interim Hemp Production Regulations

November 1, 2019

The United States Department of Agriculture recently released interim hemp production regulations that lay the groundwork for legal hemp cultivation. The interim regulations, outlined below, tackle state and federal hemp requirements, including licensing, interstate transportation and THC testing and sampling. These interim rules will become final after the USDA considers proposed revisions during a 60-day public comment period ending on December 30. States and tribes are now allowed to submit their own hemp farming regulation plans for review and approval by the USDA.

To the extent applicable, hemp farmers and businesses that deal with hemp cultivation should be prepared to comply with these federal standards as well as determine whether their jurisdictions intend to adjust or add any hemp production rules that may differ from the USDA’s.


The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill) declassified “hemp” and “hemp-derived products” from the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) and opened the door for states to allow legal hemp cultivation and production. However, hemp farming had remained inconsistently regulated state-to-state given the lack of federal oversight in the area. The USDA’s interim regulations will regulate hemp production on a national scale, but will allow latitude for states to implement their own USDA-approved hemp production programs.

State Program Requirements

  • Pursuant to the 2018 Farm Bill, states and tribes can regulate hemp production within their jurisdiction if they submit a plan to the USDA and the Secretary of Agriculture approves it.
  • Regulations do not preempt state or tribe laws and allow each jurisdiction to apply more restrictive regulations than the USDA.
  • USDA regulations provide minimum requirements for the state and tribe plans. To be considered for approval, state and tribe plans must contain the following rules:
    • Licensing requirements;
    • Data collection and information about the land on which hemp is produced;
    • Procedures for testing the THC concentration levels of hemp;
    • Procedures for disposing of noncompliant plants;
    • Compliance provisions; and
    • Procedures for handling violations.

Licensing Requirements

  • If a state or tribe does not obtain USDA approval for their plan, prospective hemp producers in those jurisdictions must apply for a hemp production license through the USDA. Otherwise, prospective hemp producers must apply for a hemp production license with the state or tribal authority that has a USDA-approved hemp production plan.
  • The USDA will begin accepting license applications 30 days after the effective date of these regulations.
    • For the first year, license applications can be submitted any time.
    • For all subsequent years, license applications and renewals must be submitted between August 1 and October 31.
  • Hemp licenses issued through the USDA will be valid for three years and do not automatically renew.

License Transfers

  • USDA regulations state that hemp producer licenses are strictly nontransferable.
  • A license modification is required when the licensed business is sold to a new owner or when hemp is produced in a new location not described on the original application. In essence, the USDA will allow ownership transfers and allow a licensed hemp producer to grow in new locations without applying for a new license.

Interstate Transportation

  • USDA regulations expressly state that no state or tribe may prohibit the interstate transportation or shipment of hemp produced in accordance with their regulations, the 2014 Farm Bill or any approved state or tribe plan.

THC Testing and Sampling

  • THC testing and sampling of hemp crops must occur within 15 days before harvest.
  • Sampling must be performed by a USDA-approved sampling agent, or a federal, state or local law enforcement agent authorized by the USDA.
  • THC testing must be performed by a laboratory registered with the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to handle controlled substances under CSA and DEA regulations.
    • An additional USDA requirement under consideration would have laboratories obtain ISO 17025 certification, as well as comply with the policies and procedures of the “Laboratory Approval Program” administered by the Laboratory Approval Service.
  • Regulations provide for certain post-decarboxylation methods of testing to account for the potential conversion of THCA into THC.
  • A “Measure of Uncertainty” calculation will be applied to the THC testing results to determine the “Acceptable hemp THC level,” which is the standard for determining THC concentration compliance.
  • Interim regulations do not address testing hemp crop for pesticides or insecticides.

Last week, my colleagues wrote about AB 1291, which expanded upon the requirement for California cannabis companies with 20 or more employees to enter into labor peace agreements. A handful of other laws of note have recently been passed in California.

Industrial Hemp

SB 153 sets the stage for compliance with the 2018 Farm Bill by requiring the state to submit its hemp regulatory plan to the USDA by May 1, 2020. The bill also:

  • revises existing laws related to cultivation and testing of hemp to be consistent with the state regulatory plan
  • provides registration requirements, and
  • expands the Industrial Hemp Advisory Board

Universal Symbol for Vape Cartridges and Pens

AB 1529 provides details regarding the “universal symbol” labeling and packaging requirements for vape pens and cartridges. Notably, the minimum size for the required symbol has been reduced to ¼ inch high by ¼ in wide, which will allow for easier placement of the symbol on products. The symbol must be engraved, attached via a sticker, or printed in black and white.

Testing Requirements

AB 404 allows the BCC to authorize retesting of products that failed testing as a result of equipment problems, staff errors or other circumstances that compromised the testing. The bill also allows testing labs to amend certificates of analysis to correct minor errors.

State Tax Deductions

AB 37 will allow California companies to deduct business expenses on their state tax returns. This will be a big help for cannabis businesses, which have historically not been able to deduct those expenses as a result of Internal Revenue Code 280E and California’s policy of treating income in the same manner as it is treated federally.

Equity-Based Developments

SB 595 requires the state licensing agencies to develop and implement a program that allows for deferrals or waivers of fees for certain needs-based applicants. SB 34 allows cannabis products to be provided at no charge for certain low-income patients.

Over at Fox Rothschild’s California Employment Law Blog, my colleague Jeff Polsky wrote about a new law requiring California cannabis companies with 20+ employees to enter into a “labor peace agreement” with a “bona fide labor organization.” Jeff is co-chair of the Fox Rothschild’s Labor and Employment Department, and frequently writes and speaks about developing legal issues and challenges affecting California employers.

To learn about the implications of the California cannabis “labor peace” requirement (which goes into effect on January 1, 2020), read more below or check out Jeff’s post on the Fox Rothschild California Employment Law Blog.

As of January 1, 2020, licensed cannabis companies in California with 20 or more employees will have 60 days to certify that they’ve entered into a “labor peace agreement” with a “bona fide labor organization.” Otherwise, they can lose their licenses. What does that mean?

First, some background. In 2017, California enacted the Medicinal and Adult-Use Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act. MAUCRSA spells out the requirements for cannabis companies wishing to become licensed by the state. This includes companies applying to sell for medical or recreational use and companies doing laboratory testing. Among many other things, MAUCRSA required that “an applicant with 20 or more employees, provide a statement that the applicant will enter into, or demonstrate that it has already entered into, and abide by the terms of a labor peace agreement.”

MAUCRSA defined a “labor peace agreement” as an agreement between a licensee and a “bona fide labor organization” that, at a minimum:

  • prohibits picketing, work stoppages, boycotts, and similar interference with the applicants business;
  • allows the bona fide labor organization to  to communicate with, and attempt to organize and represent, the applicant’s employees; and
  • gives the bona fide labor organization access to the workplace, at reasonable times, to meet with employees and discuss their right to be represented, their rights under state law, and the terms of their employment.

While a “bona fide labor organization” sounds a lot like a union, and unions strongly supported the bill, there’s no requirement that the organization be a union. Nor does the bill mandate a particular method of electing or certifying the organization. So the employees don’t get to decide if they want to be represented. The state simply requires that they be represented. (Before we leave our discussion of MAUCRSA, I’m able to debunk rumors that the term comes from the Michael Jackson song “Wanna Be Startin’ Something.” The lyrics starting around the 5 minute mark in the linked video are not, as some claim, “Ma ma se, ma ma sa, ma ma maucrsa.”)

On October 12, 2019, Governor Newsom signed AB 1291, which expanded on the requirement for “labor peace agreements.” Under AB 1291, any company with 20 or more employees applying for a license from California’s Bureau of Cannabis Control must “provide a notarized statement that [it] will enter into, or demonstrate that it has already entered into, and abide by the terms of a labor peace agreement.” Any such company with fewer than 20 employees applying for a license must provide a notarized statement that it “will enter into and abide by the terms of a labor peace agreement within 60 days of employing its 20th employee.” AB 1291 goes on to state that the BCC, the Department of Food and Agriculture, and the State Department of Public Health can revoke or suspend a cannabis companies license for failure to comply.

Both MAUCRSA and AB 1291 specify that “supervisors” don’t count toward the 20-employee threshold. Moreover, supervisor is defined broadly. Under MAUCRSA, a supervisor is anyone who has authority to “to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or responsibility to direct them or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend such action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of that authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment.” If workers have authority to do any one of those things (e.g. recommend assigning work), they fall within the definition of supervisor. So employers may be able to avoid meeting the 20-employee threshold by assigning one or more duties that the law deems “supervisory” to workers who would not typically be considered supervisors. (But that should not involve trying to characterize workers as independent contractors unless they can satisfy the ABC test, discussed here.)

While the law does not take effect until January 1, 2020, now is the time for licensed cannabis companies, and those planning to apply for licenses, to talk to their lawyers about their staffing plans, how to comply (and certify compliance), how to prepare for union efforts to organize their workers, and how to negotiate and document a “labor peace agreement.” That’s a lot to do in a relatively short period of time. It will require advice from attorneys who know the cannabis industry, licensing, and labor and employment law. Unions didn’t support this bill without expecting that they had something significant to gain. It’s high time to start getting ready.

Illinois released its Disproportionately Impacted Areas map. Applicants for the new adult use cannabis licenses gain a significant advantage if they have resided in these locations for 5 of the last 10 years.

Copyright: epicstockmedia / 123RF Stock Photo

Investors and lenders could be seeing more green from cannabis. Considering that more than 30 states have approved medical marijuana and about a third of those have also legalized its recreational use, this rapidly expanding industry presents a range of new funding and traditional banking opportunities. We help financial institutions prepare for that.

Our Banking Opportunity Checklist identifies the key issues that financial institutions should address when crafting an investment and compliance strategy for delivering services to marijuana-related businesses. This outline of critical questions will guide the planning, due diligence and operational decisions behind the effort to bank with or lend to businesses in budding cannabis markets.

Download the Banking Opportunity Checklist: Marijuana-Related Businesses.

Back in May, I blogged about a recommendation from the Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Advisory Board to add Anxiety and Tourette Syndrome as “serious medical conditions” covered under the Pennsylvania Medical Marijuana Act. At the time, the Department of Health (DOH) stated a decision on whether to formally approve this recommendation would be made by this Summer, and the Department kept this deadline. On July 11, 2019, the Secretary of DOH, Dr. Rachel Levine, announced that the two will be approved as qualifying conditions effective July 20, 2019.

The PA Medical Marijuana Act originally identified 17 “Serious Medical Conditions,” and in 2018, the Advisory Board expanded that list to include four additional conditions. This announcement brings the total number of qualifying conditions to 23 (which can be found here).

Medical marijuana in jar lying on prescription form

In May, Dr. Levine noted that she wanted to review medical research in anticipation of making a final decision. The official press release from the DOH stated that the medical literature supported the decision to approve these conditions, but added a few caveats from Dr. Levine regarding the use of medical marijuana to treat Anxiety and Tourette Syndrome:

  • “marijuana is not first line treatment and should not replace traditional therapies [like counseling and therapy] but should be used in conjunction with them, when recommended by a physician”
  • “medical marijuana with low THC and high CBD content are more effective for treatment of anxiety disorders and is recommended for short-term use”
  • “medical marijuana is not recommended to treat children and adolescents with anxiety disorders, as their brains are still developing”
  • “pregnant women with any of the approved serious medical conditions should not use medical marijuana as the impacts on the fetus are unknown”

Dr. Levine provided additional information about the announcement and her decision via her Twitter account:

As always, patients, caregivers, doctors, and other members of the public can find out more about Pennsylvania’s Medical Marijuana Program through the PA DOH website.

Joseph McNelis works in Fox Rothschild’s Blue Bell, PA office. He focuses his practice on labor and employment matters, and also tracks legal developments in the cannabis industry in Pennsylvania and nationwide. Joe can be contacted at 610-397-2332 or

On January 1, 2017, Nevada became the fifth state to legalize the recreational use of marijuana.  Since then, Nevada employers have denied employment to prospective job candidates if they test positive for marijuana on a pre-employment drug test. This will soon become a statutory unlawful employment practice.

On June 5, 2019, Nevada’s Governor, approved Assembly Bill No. 132 (“AB132”), which prohibits employers from denying employment to a prospective job candidate because of the presence of marijuana on a pre-employment drug test. AB132 becomes effective on January 1, 2020.

AB132 does not provide protection for select employment positions wherein the safety of others may be compromised, such as firefighters, emergency medical technicians, or a position requiring the operation of a motor vehicle. Moreover, the provisions of AB132 do not apply when:

  • Federal or state law requires the prospective candidate to submit to a drug screening test;
  • The provisions conflict with an employment contract or collective bargaining agreement;
  • The provisions conflict with the provisions of federal law; or
  • The employment position is funded by a federal grant.

Nevada is making strides on the acclimation of the legalization of medicinal and recreational use of marijuana. We await to see how employers in Nevada’s top industries (such as hospitality and gaming) will respond to the passing of AB132.

The Illinois law that legalized recreational cannabis weighs in at 610 pages and charts a course for licensing businesses of every type in the cannabis space.

Our 16-page summary provides a convenient outline of the essential details of the law, with an emphasis on the licensing of recreational cannabis dispensaries and new cultivation and processing facilities, as well as licensing craft growers, infuser organizations and transportation organizations.

For ease of use, our guide links directly to a page-numbered copy of the law and tracks its numbering system, noting the precise pages where key info can be found.

Download our Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act summary.

Last Friday the Agriculture Committee of the NC House of Representatives passed an amendment to the NC Farm Act of 2019 that could have a severe impact on hemp farmers.  The previous version of the bill, passed by the NC Senate on June 17 in a 31-14 vote, contained a provision that would ban smokable hemp starting December 2020.  The amendment that the House Agriculture Committee approved moved the starting date for the ban on smokable hemp up to December 1, 2019. Also as part of the amendment, smokable hemp will now be classified as marijuana, and a Schedule VI controlled substance under NC law.  This classification under the NC Farm Act is in contrast with the 2018 Federal Farm Bill which explicitly removed hemp and hemp products, including smokable hemp, from the Federal Controlled Substance Act and the Federal definition of marijuana.

Concerns of law enforcement were the driving force behind the Agriculture Committee’s decision to vote in favor of the amendment.  Several law enforcement officials stated that without the ban marijuana would effectively be legalized in NC due to smokable hemp’s similarity in look and smell to it.  The opinion repeatedly voiced by law enforcement officials at the hearing was that the similarity in look and smell of smokable hemp to marijuana makes probable cause for marijuana searches hard to establish, which in turn they argued makes the arrest and prosecution of marijuana possession almost impossible.

The ban poses a major financial issue for farmers seeking to participate in the booming hemp market.  Smokable hemp is much more profitable for farmers to grow as opposed to growing hemp that is only used for CBD extraction.  Hemp industry insiders at the hearing informed the committee that smokable hemp can sell for as much as $800-$1000 a pound whereas hemp used for CBD extract sells closer to $40 a pound.  Some farmers testified to the committee that growing hemp has become a viable and profitable alternative to more traditional crops such as tobacco, but the ban would detrimentally impact farmers’ ability to profit off the lucrative new cash crop.  As a result, there was a concern voiced by hemp growers that the ban will take back the progress they have madField of Hempe.

The amended NC Farm Act does not only affect farmers but also retailers, manufactures, advertisers, and processors.  The current version of the NC Farm Act mandates that before anybody can hold, process, manufacture, package, label, or sell cannabinoid-related compounds, including CBD products, they must apply for a license to do so and be approved by the Commission. The bill also authorizes for regulations on how CBD products are labeled, packaged, delivered, and stored.

The bill will now go to the House’s Judicial Committee and will still have to go through more committees after that before the Senate and House will have to agree on a version of the NC Farm Act before it can be signed and become law.

For updates on the bill as it moves forward be sure to check back here.

Ellis Martin

On June 25, 2019, Illinois Governor JB Pritzker made good on his campaign promise to sign an adult-use marijuana law. Pursuant to the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act (the “Adult-Use Cannabis Act”), adult-use (i.e., recreational) marijuana will be legal and available starting January 1, 2020. The Adult-Use Cannabis Act is 610-pages, and this article briefly focuses on the dispensaries.[1] For a more comprehensive analysis of all 610 pages, Bill Bogot and Donna More from our firm put together a Cannabis Law Alert and we are available to answer any questions.

I. Dispensaries under the Illinois Medical Cannabis Act and the Adult-Use Cannabis Act.

On August 1, 2013, Illinois enacted the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act, 410 ILCS 130/1 et seq. (the “Medical Cannabis Act”), which legalized medical marijuana for persons diagnosed with certain qualifying medical conditions. Under the Medical Cannabis Act and related Medical Cannabis Administrative Rules and Regulations, there are 43 “Dispensing Organization Districts” or “Districts” where one or more medical dispensaries may be located and there are a total of 60 medical dispensary licenses available.

  1. There are 55 licensed medical marijuana dispensaries in Illinois.

    Under the Medical Cannabis Act, although there are 60 available licenses, Illinois only has 55 licensed medical dispensaries. These medical dispensaries are dispersed throughout Illinois in the following cities (these are not the 43 Dispensing Organization Districts under the Medical Cannabis Act):

    Addison (2 dispensaries)


    Arlington Heights

    Buffalo Grove



    Chicago (11 dispensaries)



    East Peoria


    Elmwood Park






    Highland Park









    Mount Prospect




    North Aurora

    Oak Park





    Rockford (2 dispensaries)

    Rolling Meadows




    St. Charles




  2. Section 15-15. Early Approval Adult Use Dispensing Organization License.

    Pursuant to Section 15-15 of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, any currently licensed medical dispensary under the Medical Cannabis Act, may, within 60 days of the effective date of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, apply for an Early Approval Adult Use Dispensing Organization License (“Early Approval Dispensing License”). An Early Approval Dispensing License allows currently licensed medical dispensaries to sell both medical and recreational cannabis at their medical dispensaries. If approved for an Early Approval Dispensing License, the medical dispensaries may begin selling recreational cannabis and related items on January 1, 2020.
  3. Section 15-20. Secondary site for licensed medical dispensaries.

    Pursuant to Section 15-20 of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, any currently licensed medical dispensary under the Medical Cannabis Act, may, within 60 days of the effective date of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, apply for an Early Approval Dispensing License “to operate a dispensing organization to serve purchasers at a secondary site not within 1,500 feet of another medical cannabis dispensing organization or adult use dispensing organization.” Therefore, a currently licensed medical dispensary, if approved for an Early Approval Dispensing License, will be able to sell recreational marijuana at its current medical dispensary as well as a secondary site.Pursuant to Section 15-20 of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, the permissible locations for secondary sites “shall be within any BLS region that shares territory with the dispensing organization district to which the medical cannabis dispensing organization is assigned under the administrative rules for dispensing organizations under the [Medical Cannabis Act].” So, currently licensed medical dispensaries need to know their Districts under the Medical Cannabis Act Administrative Rules (i.e., where their dispensary is located) and then cross-check the 17 BLS Regions under the Adult-Use Cannabis Act. The 17 BLS Regions are defined and listed below in the following section. A medical dispensary’s secondary site can thus be located in any BLS Region that shares territory with the medical dispensary’s District, so long as the secondary site is not within 1,500 feet of another dispensary.

  4. 75 new Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses to be issued before May 1, 2020.

    This is where new applicants/entrants come into play. Under the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, Illinois is broken down into 17 separate “BLS Regions.” A BLS Region is defined as a region in Illinois used by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics to gather and categorize certain employment wage data. Pursuant to Section 15-25 of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation (“IDFPR”) will issue 75 Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses on or before May 1, 2020. These 75 Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses will be awarded in each BLS Region as follows:

    BLS Region No.

    BLS Region Name

    (the counties that make up each Region are listed in bullet point)[2]

    Number of the 75 Licenses to be issued before May 1, 2020


    ·         De Witt County

    ·         McLean County


    Cape Girardeau

    ·         Alexander County



    ·         Jackson County

    ·         Williamson County



    ·         Champaign County

    ·         Ford County

    ·         Piatt County



    ·         Cook County

    ·         DeKalb County

    ·         DuPage County

    ·         Grundy County

    ·         Kane County

    ·         Kendall County

    ·         Lake County

    ·         McHenry County

    ·         Will County



    ·         Vermilion County


    Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

    ·         Henry County

    ·         Mercer County

    ·         Rock Island County



    ·         Macon County



    ·         Kankakee County



    ·         Marshall County

    ·         Peoria County

    ·         Stark County

    ·         Tazewell County

    ·         Woodford County



    ·         Boone County

    ·         Winnebago County


    St. Louis

    ·         Bond County

    ·         Calhoun County

    ·         Clinton County

    ·         Jersey County

    ·         Macoupin County

    ·         Madison County

    ·         Monroe County

    ·         St. Clair County



    ·         Menard County

    ·         Sangamon County


    Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area

    ·         Bureau County

    ·         Carroll County

    ·         Jo Daviess County

    ·         La Salle County

    ·         Lee County

    ·         Ogle County

    ·         Putnam County

    ·         Stephenson County

    ·         Whiteside County


    West Central Illinois nonmetropolitan area

    ·         Adams County

    ·         Brown County

    ·         Cass County

    ·         Christian County

    ·         Fulton County

    ·         Greene County

    ·         Hancock County

    ·         Henderson County

    ·         Knox County

    ·         Livingston County

    ·         Logan County

    ·         Mason County

    ·         McDonough County

    ·         Montgomery County

    ·         Morgan County

    ·         Moultrie County

    ·         Pike County

    ·         Schuyler County

    ·         Scott County

    ·         Shelby County

    ·         Warren County


    East Central Illinois nonmetropolitan area

    ·         Clark County

    ·         Clay County

    ·         Coles County

    ·         Crawford County

    ·         Cumberland County

    ·         Douglas County

    ·         Edgar County

    ·         Effingham County

    ·         Fayette County

    ·         Iroquois County

    ·         Jasper County

    ·         Lawrence County

    ·         Marion County

    ·         Richland County


    South Illinois nonmetropolitan area

    ·         Edwards County

    ·         Franklin County

    ·         Gallatin County

    ·         Hamilton County

    ·         Hardin County

    ·         Jefferson County

    ·         Johnson County

    ·         Massac County

    ·         Perry County

    ·         Pope County

    ·         Pulaski County

    ·         Randolph County

    ·         Saline County

    ·         Union County

    ·         Wabash County

    ·         Washington County

    ·         Wayne County

    ·         White County


    The map below further illustrates the 17 BLS Regions and corresponding number of Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses available in each BLS Region. This article and map do not analyze the various zoning issues that may arise under the Adult-Use Cannabis Act.

    Illinois Map
    Click to view full map

    The selection criteria for these 75 Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses is spelled out in Section 15-30 of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act and the IDFPR will also issue administrative rules and regulations with more details about the selection criteria.

  5. 110 Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses to be issued after January 1, 2021.

    In addition to the (i) Early Approval Dispensing Licenses, (ii) Early Approval Dispensing Licensesecondary sites and (iii) 75 Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses, by December 21, 2021, pursuant to Section 15-35 of the Adult-Use Cannabis Act, the IDFPR shall issue up to 110 Conditional Adult Use Dispensing Organization Licenses.The future is impossible to predict, but there is no doubt that the Illinois market is about to boom and many licenses will be available. There will be intense competition for these licenses, so if you plan to apply, be prepared to spend some quality time on the application. Our firm has helped many businesses apply for and obtain various medical and recreational marijuana licenses throughout the country, and the application process is always more difficult and takes more time than you would expect. Please reach out if you want to discuss or are considering applying for any type of medical or adult-use license (e.g., dispensary, cultivation center, craft grower, infuser organization, transporting organization, etc.). Good luck!!


[1] Dispensaries are where you can purchase medical and/or recreational marijuana.

[2] According to the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics’ May 2018 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Definitions, available at (last visited June 24, 2019).